In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is a fertility treatment that involves using medication to stimulate egg production and a process where eggs are removed from a woman’s ovaries and then fertilized by sperm in a laboratory.

The fertilized egg — called an embryo — is grown in the lab for several days (usually 2-5), then placed into a woman’s uterus or frozen. When embryos are placed into the uterus, they will hopefully implant in the uterine lining and continue to develop so a successful pregnancy will ensue.

When to Consider IVF

IVF might be an option for you if you have any of the following situations:

  • Blocked or nonfunctional fallopian tubes
  • Advanced reproductive age
  • Decreased ovarian reserve
  • Genetic testing of embryos is indicated (PGD/PGS)
  • Your partner has a very low sperm count
  • More conservative treatments have failed

What to Expect During IVF

At Olive Fertility Centre in Vancouver BC Canada, you will have a knowledgeable and experienced team of fertility experts with you every step of the way to help you achieve your pregnancy.

The duration of your treatment, from when you start preparation until you learn you are pregnant, is 6-8 weeks.

A typical IVF cycle is divided into three parts:

  1. Preparation
    During the preparation phase, you take oral medications to prepare the ovaries and uterus for IVF.
  2. Ovarian Stimulation
    During the ovarian stimulation phase, you take daily injections of medications that cause multiple eggs to develop in your ovaries.
  3. Egg Retrieval/embryo transfer
    During egg retrieval phase, your eggs are removed through the vagina and fertilized in our laboratory, and the best embryos are either transferred into your uterus or your surrogate’s uterus, or are frozen. Two weeks after the embryo transfer, you will learn if you are pregnant.

Once your pregnancy has been confirmed, we monitor the pregnancy with blood tests for your beta HCG levels, and then perform an ultrasound to be sure the pregnancy is in the correct location in the uterus and is developing normally.

IVF Diagram

How to get Started

After discussing IVF with your Olive physician, you call the clinic to request an IVF orientation. During the orientation, you will learn all about IVF, how to take the medications, and the steps you must take to get started.