Donor sperm insemination is the process of placing sperm from an anonymous or known sperm donor into a woman’s uterus at the time of ovulation.
When to Consider Donor Sperm
Donor sperm can be used by:
- Single women
- Women whose male partner does not have sperm
- Women whose male partner has a hereditary disease
What to Expect During Treatment
Donor sperm insemination is the same as intrauterine insemination except that the source of the sperm is a donor rather than a partner.
Where Does Donor Sperm Come From?
Donor sperm can be from someone you know or from an anonymous donor through a sperm bank. Most women use anonymous donor sperm.
What Information About the Sperm Donor is Available?
Sperm donors are extensively screened for infectious disease, medical problems, psychological problems, and diseases that can run in families (e.g. genetic disorders).
Sperm banks provide information on the sperm donor's race, height, weight, personal history, academic performance, and many other demographic details. Also, depending on your preference, you may choose to see photos of the donor and read an essay they have written about themselves.
Can the Child Contact the Donor or the Donor Contact the Child?
There are two types of anonymous sperm donors: open and closed. An open donor, also called identity disclosure donors, will allow the child to contact them once they reach the age of majority (18). Closed donors do not permit this contact.
How Long Can the Sperm be Stored?
Sperm can be stored indefinitely. Healthy babies have been created from sperm stored for over 20 years.
How Successful Is It?
It depends on the woman’s age and fertility status but success rates are between 5%-25% per month for women under the age of 45.
How to Get Started
After your Olive physician has assessed your fertility, you will see a reproductive counselor and our donor sperm nurse to get started. It takes about one month of preparation to get started with donor sperm insemination.